(Topic-Wise Mains Papers) Paper-III: History of India (भारत का इतिहास)

cgpsc mains history of india
Share this post:

Paper- III (General Studies- I: History, Constitution and Public Administration) (200 Marks)

Part 01: History of India (75 Marks)

Ancient History

  • Pre-historic age, Indus civilization, Vedic civilization
  • Jainism and Buddhism
  • Rise of Magadh Empire, Mauryan polity and economy, Sunga, Satavahana period, Gupta Empire, Development of art, architecture, literature and science during the Gupta-Vakataka period
  • Major dynasties of South India


  1. Mention the place connected with the life of Mahavir Swami.  (2 marks)

महावीर स्वामी के जीवन से जुड़े स्थान का उल्लेख कीजिए। (2 अंक)

2. Clarify the historical importance of Sarnath. (2 marks)

सारनाथ के ऐतिहासिक महत्व को स्पष्ट कीजिये । (2 अंक)

3. Mention some artistic objects representing the art of Indus Civilization. (4 marks)

सिंधु सभ्यता की कला का प्रतिनिधित्व करने वाली कुछ कलात्मक वस्तुओं का उल्लेख कीजिए। (4 अंक)

4. Underline the importance of science and technology in India during Gupta period. (8 marks)

गुप्त काल के दौरान भारत में विज्ञान और प्रौद्योगिकी के महत्व को रेखांकित कीजिये । (8 अंक)

5. How far was Ashoka responsible for the downfall of the Mauryan Empire? Discuss. (15 marks)

मौर्य साम्राज्य के पतन के लिए अशोक किस हद तक जिम्मेदार था? चर्चा करना। (15 अंक)


1.            Mention the importance of Indus valley site- Lothal. (2 marks)

2.            Write two similarities and two dissimilarities each between Jainism and Buddhism. (2 marks)

3.            Mention the importance of Vedic deity Varuna. (2 marks)

4.            Discuss in detail, the conquests of Samudragupta. (15 marks)


1.            Write a short note on the metal-sculpture of Indus Civilization. (2 marks)

2.            Write names of any four Mauryan Rulers after Ashoka. (2 marks)

3.            Write the features of Gupta temple architecture with examples. (4 marks)

4.            Explain the similarities and differences between Jainism and Buddhism. (10 marks)


1.            Discuss the literary sources of Vedic period. (8 marks)


1.            Mention about anyone archaeological site of Indus Valley Civilization that is situated in the northern quarters. (2 marks)

2.            Mention the four Buddhist Councils in chronological order, with places. (2 marks)

3.            Describe the town administration of Pataliputra in Mauryan period on the basis of foreign evidence. (2 marks)

4.            Write a note on the progress of science during Gupta period. (4 marks)

5.            Analyze ‘Saptang Theory’ of Kautilya. What is the simulation of the part in modern Indian politics? (8 marks)


1.            Write two places of Indus Civilization where evidence of agriculture was found. (2 marks)

2.            What were the common features of Vedic Gods? (2 marks)

3.            Throw light on the architecture of Gupta Age. (4 marks)

4.            Discuss briefly the major sects of Buddhism. (8 marks)


1.            Mention about two sea ports of Indus Civilization. (2 marks)

2.            Point out the elements of economic control in Mauryan administration. (4 marks)


1.            Mention the geographical extent of the Indus Civilization. (2 marks)

2.            What is ‘Panch Skandha’ in Buddhism? (2 marks)

3.            Mention the types of Mahamatras as described in the Ashokan edicts. (4 marks)

4.            Explain the difference between Digambar and Shwetambar. (4 marks)

5.            Examine the role of iron in Second Urbanization. (20 marks)


1.            What are the main opinions on the decline of Indus Civilization? (2 marks)

2.            Write down the main causes of Magadha’s rise. (2 marks)

3.            What are the main features of Ashoka’s Dhamma? (2 marks)

4.            Write down the main books of Buddhism. (2 marks)

5.            What is the contribution of Buddhism in Indian civilization? (8 marks)

Medieval History

  • Sultanate and Mughal period, Vijayanagar Kingdom, Rise of Marathas
  • Bhakti Movement, Sufism, Development of literature in regional languages


  1. Who were the famous ‘Navratna’ courtiers of Mughal emperor Akbar? (2 marks)

मुगल बादशाह अकबर के प्रसिद्ध ‘नवरत्न’ दरबारी कौन थे? (2 अंक)

2. Explain in short on Sufi theories. (2 marks)

सूफी सिद्धांतों की संक्षेप में व्याख्या कीजिए। (2 अंक)

3. Write brief notes on Mirabai and Raskhan. (4 marks)

मीराबाई और रसखान पर संक्षिप्त टिप्पणी लिखिए। (4 अंक)

4. Briefly discuss ‘Sardeshmukhi’ and ‘Chauth’. (4 marks)

‘सरदेशमुखी’ और ‘चौथ’ की संक्षेप में चर्चा कीजिए। (4 अंक)

5. Throw light on the land revenue system of Shershah Suri. (8 marks)

शेरशाह सूरी की भू-राजस्व व्यवस्था पर प्रकाश डालिए। (8 अंक)


1.            Throw light in brief on ‘Turkan-i-Chahalgami’. (2 marks)

2.            Mention four important principles of ‘Din-i-Ilahi’. (2 marks)

3.            Give names of four Chisti saints. (2 marks)

4.            Mention four causes of the rise of the Marathas. (2 marks)

5.            Describe the condition of women in Vijayanagara Empire. (4 marks)

6.            Mention the names and duties of the officers of Ashtrapradhan Mandal of Shivaji. (8 marks)

7.            Throw light on saint Kabir’s ideas on idol worship and ritualism. (8 marks)


1.            Write the names of any four foreign travelers who visited Vijayanagar Kingdom. (2 marks)

2.            Highlight the contribution of Sufism in medieval India. (4 marks)

3.            Elaborate the Alvars and Nayanars of South India. (10 marks)


1.            Give a brief introduction of the rise of Shivaji. Evaluate his

i.              Aims

ii.             Policies

iii.            Success (10 marks)


1.            What was the message of the saints of ‘Nirguna Bhakti’? (2 marks)

2.            Mention about the famous poets of Awadhi language in the medieval India. (2 marks)

3.            What were the cultural achievements of Vijayanagara Kingdom? (4 marks)


1.            What is Sufism? (2 marks)

2.            Write the names of the ruling dynasties of the VIjayanagar Kingdom. (2 marks)

3.            Write a brief note on the literary achievements of Mughal period. (8 marks)

4.            ‘The Bhakti Movement was that plant which was nurtured by the ancient Indian culture and blossomed in the medieval season.’ Discuss. (20 marks)


1.            What is ‘Ashta Pradhan system’ of Shivaji? (2 marks)


1.            Write down the main features of the rule of Raja Krishna Dev Rai. (4 marks)

2.            Write down the main features of Bhakti Movement. (20 marks)

Modern India

  • Advent of Europeans and factors responsible for the establishment of British supremacy
  • Expansion of British Empire: Wars and diplomacy
  • Rural Economy: Agriculture, decline of handicrafts industries
  • Land revenue systems: Permanent Settlement, Ryotwari, Mahalwari,
  • Relation of East India Company with States


1.            Mention any four causes for the failure of the French in India. (2 marks)

2.            What do you understand by commercialization of agriculture? Write its ill effects. (4 marks)

3.            Describe ‘Ring Fence’ policy adopted by East India Company towards the Indian states. (4 marks)

4.            Throw light in brief on the Mahalwari System. (4 marks)


1.            Explain the relationship between Oudh and British East India Company. (10 marks)


1.            What do you understand by Permanent Settlement? Describe. (4 marks)

2.            Describe the relation between Sirajudaula and East India Company. (4 marks)

3.            Write a note on sustainable development. (8 marks)

4.            Analyze the following in the context of British economic policy. (20 marks)

1.            Effect on agriculture and peasants

2.            Development of modern industries 


1.            The policies of East India Company led to the downfall of Indian artisans. Discuss. (2 marks)


5.            Write two places of Indus Civilization where evidence of agriculture was found. (2 marks)

6.            What were the common features of Vedic Gods? (2 marks)

7.            Throw light on the architecture of Gupta Age. (4 marks)

8.            Discuss briefly the major sects of Buddhism. (8 marks)


1.            Explain the relationship between Oudh and British East India Company. (4 marks)


1.  What was the ‘Ring Fence’ policy of the British? (4 marks)


1.            Underline the chronology and importance of European’s arrival in India. (4 marks)

  • The Revolt of I857: Changes in administrative structure, urban economy after 1858,
  • Development of Railways, Industrialization, Constitutional Development


  1. Describe any three major factors responsible for failure of 1857 Revolution. (4 marks)

1857 की क्रांति की विफलता के लिए उत्तरदायी किन्हीं तीन प्रमुख कारकों का वर्णन कीजिए। (4 अंक)


1.            What were the consequences of Battle of Buxar (1864)? (2 marks)

2.            Highlight the positive and negative impacts of rail construction under the British rule in India. (8 marks)

3.            Give an account of tribal-peasant revolt (1879-80) in the Rampa Region of Madras Presidency. (10 marks)

4.            Discuss the major points of Queen’s Proclamation of 1858 along with its significance. (10 marks)


1. While giving an account of ‘Ilbert Bill Controversy’, write its results. (10 marks)


1.            How did Tatya Tope meet his end? (2 marks)

2.            Describe the nature and character of 1857 revolt. (4 marks)


1.            What was the main objective of the development of railways by East India Company? (2 marks)

2.            What was the contribution of Bakht Khan in the revolt of 1857? (2 marks)


1.            What was the contribution of Maulvi Ahmadullah Shah in revolt of 1857? (2 marks)

Socio- Religious Reform Movements: Brahmo Samaj, Arya Samaj,Prathna Samaj, Ram Krishna Mission


  1. Who was the founder of Prathana Samaj? What were its objectives? (2 marks)

प्राथना समाज के संस्थापक कौन थे? इसके उद्देश्य क्या थे? (2 अंक)


1.            Describe the educational reforms of Arya Samaj. (2 marks)


1.            What further divisions took place in Brahma Samaj , after the demise of Raja Ram Mohan Ray? (2 marks)


1.            Write two main objectives of Brahma Samaj. (2 marks)

2.            When was Ramkrishna Mission founded? Where is its headquarters? Write its 3 aims. (2 marks)


1.            Write two main objectives of Arya Samaj. (2 marks)


1.            Describe the main works of Brahma Samaj. (2 marks)

2.            Write down the main works of Ramakrishna Mission. (2 marks)

  • Rise of Nationalism, establishment of Indian National Congress,
  • Partition of Bengal and Swadeshi Movement
  • Rise and Development of Communalism, Revolutionary Movements, Home Rule Movement


  1. What were the causes of nationalism in India? (2 marks)

भारत में राष्ट्रवाद के क्या कारण थे? (2 अंक)

2. Underline the importance of Swadeshi Movement. (8 marks)

स्वदेशी आंदोलन के महत्व को रेखांकित कीजिये । (8 अंक)


1.            What was the Meerut Conspiracy case? (2 marks)

2.            Write a note on Kakori Conspiracy. (4 marks)

3.            Highlight the history of left movement in India. (8 marks)


1.            What is the theory of ‘Drain of Wealth’? (4 marks)

2.            Give an account of heroic incident involving the ship ‘Kamagata Maru’. (4 marks)

3.            Describe the methods of moderate politics. (8 marks)

4.            What do you understand about ‘Hindu Nationalism’? (10 marks)


1.            What was the role of A O Hume in the foundation of Indian National Congress? (2 marks)

2.            Who were Khudiram Bose and Prafull Chaki? (2 marks)


1.            What demand did Lokmanya Bal Gangadhar Tilak put before Paris Peace Conference 1919? (2 marks)

2.            Write the contribution of Pandit Madan Mohan Malviya. (2 marks)

3.            Examine the ‘Safety Valve theory of the establishment of Indian National Congress. (4 marks)

4.            Discuss the birth and objectives of Indian National Congress. (4 marks)

5.            Explain the role of Bhagat Singh in the revolutionary movement of India. (8 marks)


1.            What do you understand by ‘Dyarchy’? (2 marks)

2.            What was the source of inspiration of the Home Rule Movement? (2 marks)

3.            What do you know about Kakori Conspiracy Case? (2 marks)

4.            Trace the importance of the partition of Bengal. (4 marks)

5.            Enumerate the importance of Ghadar Movement in Indian history. (8 marks)


1.            Describe Sauder’s murder case. (2 marks)

2.            Introduce the extremist leaders. (2 marks)

3.            Write down the features of moderate leadership of Indian National Congress. (4 marks)

4.            Write down the main events of Swadeshi Movement of Bengal. (4 marks)

  • Gandhian Movements, Quit India Movement
  • Workers, peasant and tribal movements,
  • Reform movement among Dalits,
  • Reform movement among Muslims, Aligarh Movement
  • Indian National Army, independence and partition of India, merger of States


  1. Write a note on Bardoli Satyagraha. (2 marks)

बारडोली सत्याग्रह पर एक टिप्पणी लिखिए। (2 अंक)

2. What was the reason for the formation of Butler Committee? (4 marks)

बटलर समिति के गठन का क्या कारण था? (4 अंक)

3. Describe the circumstances leading to the beginning of Quit India Movement. (15 marks)

भारत छोड़ो आंदोलन की शुरुआत की परिस्थितियों का वर्णन कीजिये । (15 अंक)


1.            Write four causes due to which Indian National Congress accepted partition of India. (4 marks)

2.            Evaluate the role of Dr B R Ambedkar in the upliftment of depressed classes. (8 marks)

3.            Describe Aligarh Movement in detail and elucidate its impact. (15 marks)


1.            What was the contribution of Deoband School in national movement? (2 marks)

2.            Why was the Quit India Movement 1942 started? (2 marks)

3.            Main proposals of Cripps Mission (any four) (2 marks)

4.            What were the reactions of Muslim League and Congress on 16th May 1946 Cabinet Mission Plan? (4 marks)

5.            Describe the early peasant movement led by Gandhi. (10 marks)


1.            Describe the other historical factors and forces which compelled the British to divide and quit India in 1947. (10 marks)

2.            Describe the role of Swami Sahajanand in Kisan Movement. (10 marks)


1.            Nehru Report constitutes to be authentic expression of the nationalists in Indian political history. Explain. (4 marks)

2.            What 11 demands Mahatma Gandhi put before Viceroy Lord Irwin before launching the Civil Disobedience Movement? (4 marks)

3.            Write the contribution of Sardar Patel in the integration of princely states. (8 marks)      

4.            Describe

i.              Tribal Movement in India

ii.             Contribution of Birsa Munda (10+10 marks)


1.            What was the role of Mahatma Gandhi in Champaran Movement? (4 marks)

2.            Outline the contribution of the following in the Indian freedom struggle:

i.              Personality of Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose

ii.             Contribution of INA

iii.            Trials of INA freedom fighters and its results (10+10+20 marks)


1.            Why did Mahatma Gandhi undertake Dandi March? (2 marks)

2.            Why was Non-Cooperation Movement launched? (4 marks)

3.            Who started Wahabi Movement and why? (4 marks)

4.            Discuss the background of partition of India. (20 marks)


1.            Who was the founder of Indian National Army? (2 marks)

2.            Write a short comment on Bardoli Satygraha. (4 marks)

3.            Discuss the importance of Quit India Movement in the Indian freedom struggle. (20 marks)


1.            Explain the main effects of Gandhian Movement. (8 marks)

2.            Review the main causes for the partition of India. (40 marks)

further reading

All subjects Topic-wise Mains Papers

Author: admin