(Topic-Wise Mains Papers) Paper-IV: Applied and Behavioral Science

cgpsc main environment
Share this post:

Paper– IV (General Studies- II: Science, Aptitude and Environment)

Part 03: Applied and Behavioral Science

Technology: Role of Information Technology in Rural India, basic knowledge of computers, computers in communication and broadcasting, software development for economic growth. Broad applications of IT


  1. Write the purposes of Information Village Project. (2 marks)

सूचना ग्राम परियोजना के उद्देश्य लिखिए। (2 अंक)

2. Explain the benefits of Information Technology driven business strategy. (8 marks)

सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी संचालित व्यापार रणनीति के लाभों की व्याख्या कीजिये । (8 अंक)

3. Write an essay on large uses of Information Technology. (15 marks)

सूचना प्रौद्योगिकी के व्यापक उपयोगों पर एक निबंध लिखिए। (15 अंक)


1.       Write any four features of computer. (2 marks)

2.       What is software? Write the names of software. (2 marks)

3.       Write the names of four input and output devices of computer. (4 marks)

4.       What do you mean by Information Technology? Describe the role of Information Technology in rural India. (15 marks)


1.       What is debugging in computer programming? How it is removed? (2 marks)

2.       What are the uses of DVD? Write its full form. (2 marks)

3.       Explain about hardware and software. (4 marks)

4.       Explain the importance of information technology in development of rural India. (15 marks)


1.       What are the means of electronic fund transfer? (2 marks)

2.       Who started the first internet web based free e-mail service? (2 marks)

3.       Explain the Digital India Mission. Write about the initiative taken for this mission by Chhattisgarh Govt. (10 marks)


1.       Write the names of four high level languages of computer programming. (2 marks)

2.       Write the full forms of the following: (4 marks)

                                 i.            USB

                               ii.            HTTP

                              iii.            PDF

                             iv.            DPI

3.       Give a brief account of Super Computer. (40/3  marks)


1.       What is computer malware? Explain it. (4 marks)


1.       What is computer memory? (2 marks)

2.       Describe in detail the role of information and communication technology (ICT) for Indian communities. (40 marks)


1.       What are input/output devices of computer? Give two examples of each. (2 marks)

Energy Resources: Energy demands, renewable and nonrenewable energy resources; Nuclear energy, the development and its utilization in the country


  1. Write the names of the sources of renewable energy. (2 marks)

नवीकरणीय ऊर्जा के स्रोतों के नाम लिखिए। (2 अंक)


1.       Write any four uses of solar energy. (2 marks)

2.       What is non-renewable energy? Write it’s any two sources. (2 marks)

3.       What do you mean by fossil fuel? Write its two examples. (4 marks)

4.       What is LPG? How it is obtained? (4 marks)


1.       What is meant by a good source of energy? (2 marks)

2.       Describe non-renewable energy and give the details of their uses. (8 marks)

3.       What do you mean by CREDA? Give its functions point- wise in detail. (10 marks)

4.       Explain nuclear power generation and mention its advantages and disadvantages associated with it. (10 marks)


1.       Give a brief account of nuclear reactor. (4 marks)

2.       Describe in detail four uses of nuclear reactor. (10 marks)


1.       What is nuclear fission? Explain with example. (4 marks)


1.       Write the names of three solar energy powered equipments. (2 marks)

2.       Write down the number and installed capacity of the nuclear reactors operated by Nuclear Power Corporation of India. (2 marks)

3.       What are the sources of non-conventional energy and what is their importance? (4 marks)

4.       Explain Nuclear reactor. (10 marks)

5.       Describe in detail the development of nuclear energy in our country. (40 marks)

Current Science & Technology developments in India, origin of agriculture, Progress of Agricultural Science and its impacts, Crop science in India, Fertilizers, Control of pests and disease scenario in India.


  1. How is e-Governance beneficial to the common man? (4 marks)

आम आदमी के लिए ई-गवर्नेंसकैसे फायदेमंद है? (4 अंक)

2. Write the differences between bio and chemical pesticides. (4 marks)

जैव एवं रासायनिक कीटनाशकों में अंतर लिखिए। (4 अंक)

3. What is the right time of application of Phosphatic Fertilizers in the field? (2 marks)

फास्फेटिक उर्वरकों को खेत में लगाने का सही समय क्या है? (2 अंक)

4. Write the names of any two potassium fertilizers. (2 marks)

किन्हीं दो पोटाशियम उर्वरकों के नाम लिखिए। (2 अंक)


1.       Write the advantages of e-technology in agriculture field. (2 marks)

2.       What is e-chaupal? Explain. (4 marks)


1.       What is fertilizer? Mention the constituents of fertilizer. (2 marks)

2.       What are the objectives of Indian Space Program? (2 marks)

3.       Describe LED and LCD. What is the difference between them? (4 marks)

4.       What are genetically modified organisms? Discuss their advantages and disadvantages. (15 marks)


1.       What is GIS? Give its full name. (2 marks)

2.       What is 4G technology? (2 marks)

3.       Write about HAL-900. What is its full name? (4 marks)

4.       What is ASTROSAT? What are the objectives of ASTROSAT mission? (8 marks)


1.       What are the advantages of using organic fertilizers over chemical fertilizers? (2 marks)

2.       What is Mangalyan Mission? (2 marks)

3.       What are the uses of IRS Data in agriculture? (4 marks)

4.       Give a brief account about INSAT. (8 marks)

5.       Describe pesticide resistance and its management. (40/3 marks)

6.       Discuss in brief about the national policy of science and technology. (40/3  marks)


1.       Write full form of RISAT. What are its uses? (2 marks)

2.       What is Bio-fertilizer? Write its three examples. (2 marks)

3.       What are two main conditions of a geo-stationary orbit? (2 marks)

4.       What is LED? Write its four benefits over conventional light bulb. (4 marks)

5.       What do you understand by drip irrigation? What are its advantages? (8 marks)

6.       Write an essay on the development of science and technology in India. (20 marks)


1.       Differentiate between white and green revolutions. Name the people associated with these revolutions. (2 marks)

2.       Describe the features of satellite GSAT-10. (4 marks)

3.       Write a note about the need of a novel approach for crop protection in India. (8 marks)


1.       The satellite SARAL is a joint satellite mission of India and which country? (2 marks)

2.       Write down the full forms of the following: IRS, WWW, NABARD, GPRS (2 marks)


  • Bio-diversity and its conservation: General introduction, definition, species and genetic diversity, Bio-geographic classification of India,
  • Importance of Bio-Diversity: Constructive and destructive application, Importance of social, moral and alternative vision; Global, national and local level bio-diversity,
  • India as a wide diversity nation, Hotspots of biodiversity,


  1. What is National Park? (2 marks)

राष्ट्रीय उद्यान क्या है? (2 अंक)

2. Define ‘alpha biodiversity’. (2 marks)

‘अल्फा जैव विविधता’ को परिभाषित कीजिये । (2 अंक)

3. Enlist various criteria required for the designation of biosphere reserve. (4 marks)

बायोस्फीयर रिजर्व के पदनाम के लिए आवश्यक विभिन्न मानदंडों को सूचीबद्ध कीजिये । (4 अंक)

4. Describe Species Diversity. (4 marks)

प्रजाति विविधता का वर्णन कीजिए। (4 अंक)

5. Describe in brief about tiger conservation project. (4 marks)

बाघ संरक्षण परियोजना का संक्षेप में वर्णन कीजिए। (4 अंक)

6. What are the Biodiversity Hot-spots? Describe the distinct flora and fauna of Eastern Himalayas of India. (8 marks)

जैव विविधता हॉटस्पॉट क्या हैं? भारत के पूर्वी हिमालय के विशिष्ट वनस्पतियों और जीवों का वर्णन कीजिये । (8 अंक)


1.       Explain the Hot-spots of biodiversity in India. (4 marks)

2.       What is a Mega-diversity Nation? Explain.  (15 marks)


1.       Describe the two recognized bio-resource reserves of MP and Chhattisgarh and their respective approximate geographical area in km2 (4 marks)

2.       Write about habitat, major species, environmental importance and conservation status of Western Ghats. (8 marks)

3.       Mention your views on ‘Environment and Human Health’. (10 marks)


1.       Describe genetic diversity. (4 marks)

2.       What do you know about Agroecology? (10 marks)

3.       Describe the importance of wild life commodity. (10 marks)


1.       What are endemic species? (2 marks)

2.       What are seed banks? (2 marks)

3.       Define biodiversity. (2 marks)

4.       Describe about Red Data Book. (4 marks)

5.       Write about four reasons for biodiversity loss in Hot Spots. (4 marks)


1.       Describe briefly the Biogeographic Regions of India. (20 marks)

2.       Define: Species Diversity (2 marks)


1.       Define the following: Biotic potential, Hot spots of India (2×2=4 marks)

Threats to biodiversity: Residential damage, damage to wildlife, humans and wild animals struggle,

India’s threatened (endangered) and local species,


1.       Write threats of biodiversity. (2 marks)

2.       Describe the man and wild life conflicts. (8 marks)


1.       Describe various threats to biodiversity. (10 marks)


1.       Describe various threats to biodiversity. (20 marks)

Conservation of bio-diversity: Topological and non-topological conservation.


1.       Differentiate ‘critically endangered’ and ‘vulnerable’ IUCN categories. (4 marks)


1.       Role of common man for preservation and conservation of Biodiversity. Explain. (155 marks)


1.       Define: In-situ Conservation (2 marks)


1.       Describe the topological and non-topological conservation of biodiversity in India. (20 marks)


1.       Define the following: Ex-situ conservation (2 marks)

Environmental pollution: Cause, effect and control measures; Air pollution, water pollution, sea pollution, soil pollution, sound/noise pollution, thermal pollution, and nuclear pollution; Human role in pollution control


  1. Write three measures to control oil pollution in marine areas. (2 marks)

समुद्री क्षेत्रों में तेल प्रदूषण को नियंत्रित करने के तीन उपाय लिखिए। (2 अंक)

2. Define “environmental ethics”. (2 marks)

“पर्यावरण नैतिकता” को परिभाषित कीजिये । (2 अंक)

3. What are the harmful effects of sound pollution on human health? Write.(10 marks)

मानव स्वास्थ्य पर ध्वनि प्रदूषण के हानिकारक प्रभाव क्या हैं? लिखना। (10 अंक)


1.       Write the names of toxic elements which are responsible for water pollution. (any four) (2 marks)

2.       What is nuclear pollution? Describe its reasons, effects and control measures. (8 marks)


1.       Sea pollution (2 marks)

2.       Main pollutants in automobile exhausts (2 marks)

3.       Radio- active pollution (2 marks)


1.       Define environmental pollution. (2 marks)

2.       What is waste? (2 marks)

3.       Explain land pollution. (2 marks)

4.       Differentiate between good ozone and bad ozone. (4 marks)

5.       Explain climate change. (4 marks)

6.       Write detailed note on green house gases. (8 marks)

7.       What is air pollution? Describe its reasons, effects and control measures. (15 marks)


1.       Define global warming. (2 marks)


1.       Write names of four green house gases. (2 marks)

2.       Define: Thermal Pollution (2 marks)

3.       Define: population explosion, sound pollution. (2×2=4 marks)

4.       What are major air pollutants? How do they affect the life of living beings? (8 marks)


1.       Define the following: Nuclear Pollution, Green House Effect, Acid Rains (2×3=6 marks)

2.       What is poly house? Explain. (4 marks)

3.       Explain the following: Soil Pollution, Population Growth (4 marks)

4.       What is water pollution? Describe the sources of water pollutants and their control measures. (8 marks)


1.       Define the following: Non-degradable pollutants (2 marks)

Solid waste management: Urban and Industrial solid waste management: reason, effect and control,


  1. What is industrial solid waste? Describe the various measures for its management. (15 marks)

औद्योगिक ठोस अपशिष्ट क्या है? इसके प्रबंधन के लिए विभिन्न उपायों का वर्णन कीजिए। (15 अंक)


1.       Mention the effect of solid waste. Explain the control measures of its management. (8 marks)


1.       What are the urban and industrial solid wastes? Mention their control measures and their management. (20 marks)


1.       Explain: Solid waste management (20 marks)

Author: admin