(Topic-Wise Mains Papers) Paper-V: Geography of India (भारत का भूगोल)

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Paper–V (General Studies- III: Economics and Geography)

Part 02: Geography of India

Physical Geography

  • Physical features of India, location & extension, Geological Structure, Physical Divisions,
  • Drainage System, Climate, Soil


  1. Mention the names of mountain peaks of Eastern and Western Ghats. (2 marks)

पूर्वी और पश्चिमी घाट की पर्वत चोटियों के नाम बताइए। (2 अंक)

2. Where Gopad river flows?(2 marks)

गोपद नदी कहाँ बहती है? (2 अंक)

3. Clarify the extension and importance of Maikal Hills. (4 marks)

मैकाल पहाड़ियों के विस्तार और महत्व को स्पष्ट कीजिए। (4 अंक)

4. Write the characteristics of Great Plains of North India. (10 marks)

उत्तर भारत के विशाल मैदानों की विशेषताएँ लिखिए। (10 अंक)


1.            Which are the main rivers of peninsular India that flow in the opposite direction of the general slope and why? (2 marks)

2.            What is Karewa deposits? (2 marks)

3.            The elevation of Ooty and Shimla is nearly the same, then why Shimla remains colder that of Ooty in winter and warmer in summer? (4 marks)

4.            Differentiate between sheet erosion, rill erosion and gully erosion. How these may be controlled by contour bunding? (8 marks)

5.            Present a brief account of the tributaries of northern Mahanadi Basin. (8 marks)

Vegetation and importance of forest, Indian forest policy, Forest conservation


  1. Write the features of Badalkhol Sanctuary. (2 marks)

बादलखोल अभयारण्य की विशेषताएं लिखिए। (2 अंक)


1.            Mention the distribution of mangroves in India. (2 marks)

2.            Explain the relationship between forest types and climate in India. (10 marks)


1.            What is forest conservation policy? (2 marks)


1.            What is Green Climate Fund? (2 marks)

2.            What do you mean by Joint Forest Management? (2 marks)

3.            Give examples of natural resources. (2 marks)

4.            Define Reserve and Protected Forests. (4 marks)


1.            What is Green Climate Fund? (2 marks)

Human Geography

  • Human Characteristics: Population, Census, Population Growth, Density and Distribution.
  • Birth rate, Mortality rate, Infant Mortality rate, Migration, Literacy
  • Occupational Structure, Urbanization


  1. What are the reasons of growth in rural population? (2 marks)

ग्रामीण जनसंख्या में वृद्धि के क्या कारण हैं? (2 अंक)

2. Comment on the effects of urbanization in India. (4 marks)

भारत में नगरीकरण के प्रभावों पर टिप्पणी कीजिए। (4 अंक)

3. Give description about the rural migration in India. (8 marks)

भारत में ग्रामीण प्रवास के बारे में विवरण दें। (8 अंक)

4. Describe the Sustainable Development Goals. (15 marks)

सतत विकास के लक्ष्यों का वर्णन कीजिए। (15 अंक)


1.            In which decade the population growth had been negative in India and why? (2 marks)

2.            Which are the regions of high infant mortality in India? (4 marks)

3.            Discuss the regional variation and responsible factors of literacy in India. (10 marks)


1.            Is population growth an obstacle in economic development? Explain. (2 marks)

  • Agriculture:  Characteristics of Indian agriculture,
  • Agricultural food Crops, Cereal, pulses, Oil seeds and other crops, Production and distribution, mean of irrigation and its importance,
  • Modernization of agriculture, problems of agriculture and planning, Irrigation multipurpose  projects,
  • Green revolution, white revolution, Blue revolution


  1. Describe the effects of climate on agriculture forms of India. (4 marks)

भारत के कृषि रूपों पर जलवायु के प्रभावों का वर्णन कीजिए। (4 अंक)

2. What are the dimensions of White Revolution in Indian agriculture? (4 marks)

भारतीय कृषि में श्वेत क्रांति के आयाम क्या हैं? (4 अंक)


1.            Define blue revolution. (2 marks)

2.            What are the favorite geographical conditions for canal irrigation in northern plain of India? (8 marks)


1.            What is meant by Organic Farming? (2 marks)

2.            What is Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme? (2 marks)


1.            What is meant by mixed farming? (2 marks)


1.            What is meant by mixed farming? (2 marks)

  • Mineral resources: Mineral storage, production and distribution of mineral
  • Energy  resources: Coal, petroleum, thermal power energy, nuclear energy, non conventional sources of energy


  1. When and why was Damodar River Valley Project created? (2 marks)

दामोदर नदी घाटी परियोजना कब और क्यों बनाई गई थी? (2 अंक)

2. Mention the types of iron ore. (2 marks)

लौह अयस्क के प्रकारों का उल्लेख कीजिए। (2 अंक)

3. Evaluate the non-conventional energy resources of India. (10 marks)

भारत के गैर-पारंपरिक ऊर्जा संसाधनों का मूल्यांकन कीजिये । (10 अंक)


1.            Mention the western off-shore petroleum regions of India. (4 marks)

  • Industries: Development and structure of industries in India, large Scale medium, small and smallest scale,
  • Agriculture, forest and mineral based industries


  1. Write the characteristics of cottage industries. (2 marks)

कुटीर उद्योगों की विशेषताएँ लिखिए। (2 अंक)

2. Describe the sugar industries in India with special reference to Chhattisgarh. (8 marks)

छत्तीसगढ़ के विशेष संदर्भ में भारत में चीनी उद्योगों का वर्णन कीजिए। (8 अंक)


1.            Which are rubber producing areas of India? (2 marks)

2.            Point out objectives of Mission Make in India. (10 marks)

3.            Point out importance of Mission Make in India for Indian economy. (10 marks)


1.            What is Kisan Samriddhi Yojana? (2 marks)

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