(Topic-Wise Mains Papers) Paper-V: Geography of India (भारत का भूगोल)

cgpsc mains geography of india
Share this post:

Paper–V (General Studies- III: Economics and Geography) (200 Marks)

Part 02: Geography of India (50 Marks)

Syllabus>>> Physical Geography:

  • Physical features of India, location & extension, Geological Structure, Physical Divisions,
  • Drainage System, Climate, Soil


1.       Which are the main rivers of peninsular India that flow in the opposite direction of the general slope and why? (2 marks)

2.       What is Karewa deposits? (2 marks)

3.        The elevation of Ooty and Shimla is nearly the same, then why Shimla remains colder that of Ooty in winter and warmer in summer? (4 marks)

4.       Differentiate between sheet erosion, rill erosion and gully erosion. How these may be controlled by contour bunding? (8 marks)

5.       Present a brief account of the tributaries of northern Mahanadi Basin. (8 marks)

Syllabus>>> Vegetation and importance of forest, Indian forest policy, Forest conservation


1.       Mention the distribution of mangroves in India. (2 marks)

2.       Explain the relationship between forest types and climate in India. (10 marks)


1.       What is forest conservation policy? (2 marks)


1.       What is Green Climate Fund? (2 marks)

2.       What do you mean by Joint Forest Management? (2 marks)

3.       Give examples of natural resources. (2 marks)

4.       Define Reserve and Protected Forests. (4 marks)


1.       What is Green Climate Fund? (2 marks)

Syllabus>>> Human Geography:

  • Human Characteristics: Population, Census, Population Growth, Density and Distribution.
    • Birth rate, Mortality rate, Infant Mortality rate, Migration, Literacy
    • Occupational Structure, Urbanization


1.       In which decade the population growth had been negative in India and why? (2 marks)

2.       Which are the regions of high infant mortality in India? (4 marks)

3.       Discuss the regional variation and responsible factors of literacy in India. (10 marks)


1.       Is population growth an obstacle in economic development? Explain. (2 marks)

Syllabus>>> Agriculture:  Characteristics of Indian agriculture,

  • Agricultural food Crops, Cereal, pulses, Oil seeds and other crops, Production and distribution, mean of irrigation and its importance,
  • Modernization of agriculture, problems of agriculture and planning, Irrigation multipurpose  projects,
  • Green revolution, white revolution, Blue revolution


1.       Define blue revolution. (2 marks)

2.       What are the favorite geographical conditions for canal irrigation in northern plain of India? (8 marks)


1.       What is meant by Organic Farming? (2 marks)

2.       What is Prime Minister Crop Insurance Scheme? (2 marks)


1.       What is meant by mixed farming? (2 marks)


1.       What is meant by mixed farming? (2 marks)


  • Mineral resources: Mineral storage, production and distribution of mineral
  • Energy  resources: Coal, petroleum, thermal power energy, nuclear energy, non conventional sources of energy


1.       Mention the western off-shore petroleum regions of India. (4 marks)


Syllabus>>> Industries: Development and structure of industries in India, large Scale medium, small and smallest scale,

  • Agriculture, forest and mineral based industries


1.       Which are rubber producing areas of India? (2 marks)

2.       Point out objectives of Mission Make in India. (10 marks)

3.       Point out importance of Mission Make in India for Indian economy. (10 marks)


1.       What is Kisan Samriddhi Yojana? (2 marks)

Please follow and like us:

Author: admin