Transport of mineral and water in plants and animals (in context of human being). structure and function of blood
Structure and working of heart (preliminary knowledge)
Definition, main steps of the process. Light reaction and dark reaction.
Definition, breathing and respiration, Types of respiration, Aerobic and anaerobic respiration, respiratory organs of animals
Respiratory system of human being and mechanism of respiration (general information)
Human digestive system and digestive process (general information)
Control and Coordination
Nervous system of human being. Structure and function of human Brain and spinal cord
Coordination in plants and animals: phyto-hormones, endocrine glands hormone and their function.
Reproduction and Growth
Types of reproduction
Asexual reproduction: fission, budding, regeneration,vegetative reproduction, layering, cutting, grafting, Porthenogenesis,
Sexual reproduction in plants: structure of flower and reproduction process (general information), pollination fertilization.
Human reproductive system and reproduction process (general information)
Heredity and Evolution
Heredity and variation, Fundamental basis of heredity chromosome and DNA (preliminary information)