Chhattisgarh Forest Service 2020
Total Posts: ACF (19+2), Ranger (157)
Qualifications: Passed in Higher Secondary (or Equivalent) with at least one subject from Biology, Physics and Chemistry
Passed in Graduation (or Equivalent) with at least one of the following subjects: Agriculture, Botany, Zoology, Computer Science, Environment Science, Horticulture, Geology, Mathematics, Statistics, Physics, Veterinary Science, Engineering or Technology.
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Scheme of Examination
Stage-1: Written Examination (Objective) 600 Marks
Paper 1:150 Questions, 300 Marks, 2:30 Hours
- Part 1: General Studies
- Part 2: Language (Hindi, English and Chhattisgarhi)
- Part 3: Intelligence Test, Analytical and Logical Ability
Paper 2: 150 Questions, 300 Marks, 2:30 Hours
- Part 1: Chemistry
- Part 2: Physics
- Part 3: Biology
- Part 4: Technology
- Part 5: Environment
- Part 6: Agriculture
- Part 7: Forestry
Stage-2: Personal Interview 75 Marks
Note: Candidates who qualify written examination on the basis of merit, will be called for interview stage.
QUESTION PAPER: 01
Part -I: General Studies
- History of Chhattisgarh and Role of Chhattisgarh In the Independence Movement.
- Geography, Environment. Physical Directions,Census. Archaeology and places of Tourist interest in Chhattisgarh.
- History, Music, Dance, Art and Culture, Riddles. Proverbs, local proverbs of Chhattisgarh.
- Tribal, Special, Traditions, Festivals of Chhattisgarh.
- Economy, forest and Agriculture of Chhattisgarh.
- Administrative Setup, local administration and Panchayati Raj in Chhattisgarh.
- Industries. Energy, Water and Mineral Resources of Chhattisgarh,
- Current Affairs of Chhattisgarh.
Part -2: Language (Hindi, English and Chhattisgarh)
(1) General Hindi Language:
- Comprehension, Understanding. Precis Writing, Synonyms and Antonyms, Homonyms and their meaning, meaningful words for a phrase.
- Vocabulary and usage, Compound words and their separation. Words taken from Sanskrit language as it Is and with some changes, word and sentence correction. Prefix and Suffixes, Proverbs (meaning and use),
- Letter writing, Different phases and nomenclature of the History of Hindi literature Writers of Chhattisgarh and their works.
(2) General English:
- Comprehension. Precis Writing. Re arrangement and Correction of Sentences, Synonyms, Antonyms,
- Filling the Blanks, Correction of Spellings. Vocabulary and usage. Idioms and Phrases. Tenses, Prepositions.
- Active Voice and Passive voice. Parts of Speech. Translation-English to Hindi. Letter Writing.
(3) Chhattisgarhi Language:
- Knowledge of Chhattisgarhi language. History and development of Chhattisgarhi language, literature of Chhattisgarhi language and laureates.
- Chhattisgarhi grammar, Hindi to Chhattisgarhi and Chhattisgarhi to Hindi Administrative Dictionary.
Part -3: Intelligence Test. Analytical and Logical Ability
- Communication Skills and Mutual Skills.
- Logical reasoning and ability to analyze.
- Decision making (Development and Problem Solving)
- General Mental Ability
- Basic Statistical Works (General Mathematics Ability) (level – Class X) Analysis of numbers. (Chart, underlines. Tables
QUESTION PAPER: 02
Part- 01: Chemistry
- Rate of chemical reaction and chemical equilibrium– Preliminary knowledge of rate of chemical reaction. Fast and slow chemical reactions. Reversible and irreversible chemical reactions. Reversible reaction and dynamic nature of equilibrium Acids and bases. pH scale (simple numerical questions. Exothermic and endothermic reactions.
- Some important chemical compounds– properties and uses. Method of production manufacture (water, washing soda, baking soda, bleaching powder and plaster of Paris] preparation of building materials- lime cement, glass and steel
- Metals- Position of metals in the periodic table and general properties. Metal, mineral ore. Difference between mineral and ore. Metallurgy – concentration, roasting, smelting refining of ores. Metallurgy of copper and Iron corrosion of metals. Alloys
- Nonmetals- position of nonmetals in the periodic table. Preparation properties and use of Hydrogen Oxygen and nitrogen.
- Some important organic compounds- laboratory method of preparing alcohol and acetic acid, properties and uses some general artificial polymers. Polythene, polyvinyl chloride Teflon soap and detergents.
Part- 02: Physics
- Source of Energy- Conventional and new sources of energy, sources of solar energy, causes of origin of energy in the sun, solar heating devices. Solar cooker solar cell, wind energy, biogas, fossil fuels, ideal fuel properties of ideal fuel. Nuclear energy, nuclear fission fusion, chain reaction, nuclear reactor uses and harms of nuclear energy. General information about CREDA
- Light- nature of light reflection of light, laws of reflection, reflection from plane and curved surface, image formation by plane convex and concave mirror, relation between focal length and radius of curvature determination of focal length of concave mirror by single pin method. [Relation between u-v-f] numerical examples.
- Refraction of light– laws of refraction, refraction by glass slab, critical angle, total internal reflection, use of total internal reflection in daily life. Lens converging and diverging lens. Definition focal length optical center image formation by lens. Human eye, its defect and remedies. Comparison between photographic camera and human eye. Simple telescope and astronomical telescope. Construction working uses, ray diagram (no formula derivation).
- Electricity and its effects- electric intensity, potential, potential difference, electric current ohm’s law. Resistance specific resistance influencing factors, combination of resistance and related numerical examples thermal effect of current it’s use. calculation of power and electrical energy spent (numerical) precautions observed in electric experiments. Chemical effects of electric current. Primary and secondary cells their properties and drawback. Leclanche cell, dry cell, lead accumulator cell, construction.
- Magnetic effect of current- Magnetic effect of current. Oersted experiment, elector magnetic induction, electric motor, working principle and use of generator, general studies of alternating current and direct current, electric discharge in gases, discharge tube, cathode rays. X-rays and their properties,
- Magnetism- Magnet and its types artificial magnet, methods of preparing magnets, molecular theory of magnetism, demagnetization, magnetic keepers, magnetic lines of force and their properties. Plotting the lines of force Terrestrial magnetism magnetic storm, magnetic meridian geographical meridian, relation between VHI and 0
Part- 03: Biology
- Animal nutrition- Types of nutrition, Autotrophic nutrition, heterotrophic nutrition, Holozoic, Parasitic, Saprophytic, Symbiotic. Insectivorous Important terms of nutrition process. Digestion in unicellular cell animal (amoeba) and multi cellular animal grass hopper. Human digestive system and digestive process. amino acid metabolism
- Photosynthesis– steps of the process light reaction and dark reaction, factors influencing photosynthesis. Experiments related to photo synthesis.
- Respiration- Definition respiratory organs of animals breathing and respiration. Types of respiration. Aerobic and anaerobic respiration, respiratory system of human being and mechanism of respiration (general information) respiratory quotient (RQ) of carbohydrate, fat and protein.
- Transportation- Transport of mineral and water in plants and animals (in context of human being). Composition and function of blood, structure and working of heart. structure and function of blood vessels (preliminary knowledge) coagulation of blood, blood group, blood transfusion, blood bank, function of lymph system diseases related to heart.
- Excretion- excretion in plants and excretory product. Excretion in animal and excretory organs. Excretion system of man and excretion process (general information) artificial kidney dialysis. Osmoregulation Diseases related to kidney.
- Control and Coordination- Coordination in plants and animal phytohormones. Nervous system of human being. Structure and function of human Brain and Spinal cord, reflex action, endocrine glands hormone and their function.
- Reproduction and growth- type of reproduction Asexual reproduction fission, budding, regeneration, vegetative reproduction, layering cutting, grafting, parthenogenesis. Sexual reproduction in plants, structure of flower and reproduction process (general information) pollination fertilization. Human reproductive system and reproduction process,
- Heredity and evolution- heredity and variation basis of heredity chromosome DNA (Preliminary information) gene sex determination preliminary knowledge of organic evolution (Oparin’s theory only)
Part- 04: Technology
- National policy of science and technology and changes in the policy from time to time, purpose of technology. Space program in India and its applications with special reference to industrial, agricultural and other rural developmental activities, INSAT and IRS systems.
- Role of information Technology in Rural India, basis knowledge of computers. Computers in communication and broadcasting, software development for economic growth. Broad applications of IT.
- Energy Resources- Energy demands, renewable and nonrenewable energy resources unclear energy, the development and its utilization in the Country.
- Current Science & Technology Developments in India
- Origin of agriculture. Progress of Agricultural Science and its impacts. Crop science in India, Fertilizers, control of pests and disease scenario in India.
Part- 05: Environment
- Bio-diversity and its conservation-General introduction- definition, species and genetic diversity. Bio-geographic classification of India, Importance of Bio-Diversity-Constructive and Destructive application. Importance of social, moral and alternative vision. Global National and Local level Bio-diversity, India as a wide diversity nation, Hotspots of Biodiversity, Conservation of bio diversity. Topological and No topological conservation.
- Threats to biodiversity: Residential damage, damage to wildlife, humans and wild animals struggle. India’s threatened (endangered) and local species.
- Environmental pollution– Reason effect and conservation – Air pollution water pollution, sea pollution, soil pollution, sound/noise pollution, thermal pollution, nuclear pollution
- Solid waste management- Urban and Industrial solid waste management reason effect and control. Human role in pollution control.
- Disaster Management: Floods, Earthquake. Cyclones and Landslide. Human Population and Environment, Population growth. Variation in the population in various countries. Population explosion and family welfare Program Environment and Human health.
Part- 06: Agriculture
- Ecology and its relevance to man, natural resources, their sustainable management and conservation.
- Physical and social environment as factors of crop distribution and production. Climatic elements as factors of crop growth, impact of changing environment on cropping patten as indicators of environments.
- Environmental pollution and associated hazards to crops, animals, and humans.
- Cropping pattern in different agro-climatic zones of the country. Impact of high-yielding and short-duration varieties on shifts in cropping pattern. Concepts of multiple cropping, multi-storey, relay and inter-cropping, and their importance in relation to food production.
- Package of practices for production of important cereals, pulses, oil seeds, fibers, sugar, commercial and fodder crops grown during Kharif and Rabi seasons in different regions of the country.
- Important features, scope and propagation of various types of forestry plantations such as extension, social forestry, agro-forestry, and natural forests.
- Weeds, their characteristics, dissemination and association with various crops; their multiplication; cultural, biological and chemical control of weeds.
- Soil-physical, chemical and biological properties. Processes and factors of soil formation. Modem classification of Indian soils, Mineral and organic constituents of soils and their role in maintaining soil productivity. Essential plant nutrients and other beneficial elements in soils and plants. Principles of soil fertility and its evaluation for judicious fertilizer use, integrated nutrient management. Losses of nitrogen in soil, nitrogen-use efficiency in submerged rice soils, nitrogen fixation in soils. Fixation of phosphorus and potassium in soils and the scope for their efficient use. Problem soils and their reclamation methods.
- Soil conservation planning on watershed basis. Erosion and run-off management in hilly, foot hills, and valley lands; processes and factors affecting them. Dry land agriculture and its problems. Technology of stabilizing agriculture production in rain fed agriculture area.
- Water-use efficiency in relation to crop production, criteria for scheduling irrigation, ways and means of reducing run-off losses of irrigation water. Drip and sprinkler irrigation. Drainage of water logged soils, quality of irrigation water, effect of industrial effluents on soil and water pollution.
- Farm management, scope, important and characteristics, farm planning. Optimum resources use and budgeting. Economics of different types of farming systems.
- Marketing and pricing of agricultural inputs and outputs, price fluctuations and their cost; role of cooperatives in agricultural economy; types and systems of farming and factors affecting them.
- Agricultural extension, its importance and role, methods of evaluation of extension programmes, socioeconomic survey and status of big, small, and marginal farmers and landless agricultural laborers; farm mechanization and its role in agricultural production and rural employment. Training programmes for extension workers; lab-to-land programmes.
- Cell Theory, cell structure, cell organelles and their function, cell division.
- Nucleic acids-structure and function, gene structure and function, laws of heredity, their significance in plant breeding. Chromosome structure, chromosomal aberrations, linkage and cross-over, and their significance in recombination breeding. Polyploidy, euploidy and aneuploidy. Mutation-micro and macro-and their role in crop improvement. Variation, components of variation. Heritability, sterility and incompatibility.
- Classification and their application in crop improvement. Cytoplasmic inheritance, sex-linked, sex influenced and sex-limited characters,
- History of plant breeding. Modes of reproduction, selling and crossing techniques. Origin and evolution of crop plants, center of origin, law of homologous series, crop genetic resources-conservation and utilization.
- Application of principles of plant breeding to the improvement of major Held crops. Pure-line selection, pedigree, mass and recurrent selections, combining ability, its significance in plant breeding. Hybrid vigor and its exploitation, back-cross method of breeding, breeding for disease and pest resistance, role of inter-specific and inter-generic hybridization.
- Role of biotechnology in plant breeding. Improved varieties, hybrids, composites of various crop plants
- Seed technology, its importance, different kinds of seeds and their seed production and processing techniques. Role of public and private sectors in seed production, processing and marketing in India.
- Physiology and its significance in agriculture. Imbitions, surface tension, diffusion and osmosis. Absorption and translocation of water, transpiration and water economy. Enzymes and plant pigments; photosynthesis-modern concepts and factors affecting the process, aerobic and non-aerobic respiration; C, C and CAM mechanisms. Carbohydrate, protein and fat metabolism.
- Growth and development; photo-periodism and vernalization. Auxins, hormones, and other plant regulators and their mechanism of action and importance in agriculture. Physiology of seed development and germination; dormancy.
- Climatic requirements and cultivation of major fruits, plants, vegetable crops and flower plants; the package of practices and their scientific basis. Handling and marketing problems of fruit and vegetables. Principal methods of preservation of important fruits and vegetable products, processing techniques and equipment. Role of fruits and vegetables in human nutrition. Raising of ornamental plants, and design and layout of lawns and gardens.
- Diseases and pests of field vegetables, orchard and plantation crops of India. Causes and classification of plant pests and diseases. Principles of control of plant pests and diseases Biological control of pests and diseases. Integrated pest and disease management. Epidemiology and forecasting. Pesticides, their formulations and modes of action. Compatibility with rhizobial inoculants. Microbial toxins. Storage pests and diseases of cereals and pulses, and their control.
- Food production and consumption trends in India. National and international food policies. Production, procurement, distribution and processing constraints. Relation of food production to national dietary pattern, major deficiencies of calorie and protein.
Part- 07: Forestry
- Silviculture-General, Silviculture-System. Silviculture-Mangrove and cold desert. Silviculture of trees,
- Agroforestry, Social Forestry, Joint Forest Management and Tribology,
- Forest Soil, Soil Conservation and Watershed Management,
- Environment Conservation and Biodiversity (including pollution). Tree Improvement and few technology, Forest Management and Management Systems,
- Forest Working Plan, Forest Mensuration and Remote Sensing.
- Survey and Forest Engineering, Forest Ecology, Ethno Botany, Forest Resources Utilization,
- Forest Protection and Wildlife Biology, Forest Economics and Legislation.