- Greater thrust on innovation, establishing research institutes and encourages women scientists with an aim to position itself among the top five scientific powers in the world by 2020.
- India has declared 2010-20 as the “Decade of Innovation”.
- The Government has stressed the need to enunciate a policy to synergize science, technology and innovation and has also established the National Innovation Council (NlnC).
1. Investments in R&D:
- Increasing expenditure in R&D to 2% of the GDP with the help of private sector
- Establishing world class infrastructure for R&D for gaining global leadership in some select frontier areas of science.
- Positioning India among the top five global scientific powers by 2020.
- Creating an environment for enhanced Private Sector Participation in R&D.
- Treating R&D in the private sector at par with public institutions for availing public funds. Bench marking of R&D funding mechanisms and patterns globally.
- The new paradigm is “Science technology and innovation for the people”.
2. Position in Research Publications:
- India ranks ninth globally in the number of scientific publications and 12th in the number of patents filed.
- By 2020, the global share of publications must double and the number of papers in the top 1 % journals must quadruple from the current levels.
3. Human resource:
- Promoting the spread of scientific temper amongst all sections of society.
- Encouraging women scientists with an aim to position itself among the top five scientific powers in the world by 2020.
- Enhancing skill for applications of science among the young from all social strata.
- Aims at producing and nurturing talent in science, to stimulate research in universities, to develop young leaders in the field of science and to reward performance.
- Making careers in science, research and innovation attractive enough for talented and bright minds.
4. S&T for society:
- Science, research and innovation system with the inclusive economic growth agenda
- Enabling conversion of R&D outputs into societal and commercial applications
- Fostering resource-optimized, cost-effective innovations across size and technology domains.
5. Innovation and entrepreneurship:
- Launching newer mechanisms for nurturing Technology Business Incubators (TBls) and science-led entrepreneurship.
- Providing incentives for commercialization of innovations with focus on green manufacturing
- Modifying the intellectual property regime to provide for marching rights for social good when supported by public funds and co-sharing of patents generated in the public private partnership mode.
- The document is full of wishes and desires. The declaration lists 12 points to capture India’s aspirations in STI that aim to create a robust national innovation system.
- But it hardly describes any structural or procedural changes which will achieve the grand goal of integrating science, technology and innovation to create value in an inclusive manner.